Archive for the ‘London’ Category

Defying death on a tightrope   Leave a comment

blondin

The Great Blondin

If you find the prospect of walking the Niagara Falls by tightrope terrifying, imagine how you would feel strolling across the chasm blindfolded, while carrying a man on your shoulders or pushing a lion across in a wheelbarrow.

There were some of the capers carried out about Blondin, who thrilled audiences with his death-defying exploits a century ago.

In an amazing 60-year career The King of the High Rope performed to millions of people all over the world. Born in Hesdin, France, on 28 February, 1824, he was christened Jan Francois Gravalet, but was nicknamed Blondin by friends because of his blonde hair and piercing blue eyes.

But despite his French heritage, Blondin loved London and eventually adopted it as his home. He lived in St John’s Wood before moving to a house in Little Ealing, where he lived the life of a country gentleman until his death in 1897.

Blondin first got hooked on rope walking at the age of four after being inspired by a troupe of travelling acrobats. He was determined to be the greatest rope walker in the world.

After only six months of training he made his debut, aged five, and found instant fame as the Little Wonder. Blondin spent the next 20 years performing with France’s top troupes, but still craved international fame. He shocked the world when he crossed the Niagara Falls in 1859.

“Everyone thought I was crazy even to try,” said Blondin years later. “But I always knew I could do it.” On the morning of 30 June, 1859, he took five nerve-wracking minutes to reach the other bank, but not before several heart-stopping moments.

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Niagara Falls

Half way across  Blondin seemed to falter, then suddenly stopped. Very slowly he sat down and began looking round him. But after a short rest the great gymnast sprung to his feet, turned a backward somersault and strolled confidently to the Canadian side of the Falls.

“I don’t know what all the commotion’s about,” said Blondin coolly as he reached the other side. “I only stopped to admire the view.” Blondin then returned to the rope and performed tricks with a chair. Finally he grabbed a camera from a spectator and took photos of his fans standing on the banks. He was an international star, offers of work came from all over the world.

Blondin continued to make crossings of the Falls, introducing a new spectacular trick into every performance. After cycling across the Falls and walking the rope on stilts he would finish his shows by offering piggy-back rides to anyone who was brave enough to climb on to his shoulders. A more difficult challenge was to cook a meal in the middle of the Niagara Falls.

Determined not to be beaten, the great acrobat carried a stove into the middle of the tightrope and coolly cooked himself a cheese omelette.

To satisfy the huge crowds Blondin’s shows became more and more dangerous, and he nearly perished at Crystal Palace after a mistake by his assistant. During the finale of hos show Blondin walked into a blaze of fireworks, but as an assistant handed him a couple of rockets he accidentally dislodged the maestro, and Blondin slopped slipped from the rope.

For a fraction of a second the crowd thought their hero was dead, but somehow Blondin hooked a leg around the rope and hauled himself to safety. After making a fortune, he tried to retire in 1876, but could not live without the excitement and quickly made a comeback, performing until the end of his life.

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Blondin Park

After 60 years of performing Blondin died of diabetes on 22 February, 1897. He was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery alongside his wife. Although his house in Ealing is no longer standing, two roads – Blondin Avenue and Niagara Falls – mark its site. There is also a park named after the great man, Blondin Park in Northfields, with a community orchard, wildflower meadow, pond and nature area opened by his great great grandson.

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Ealing’s golden age of British cinema   Leave a comment

Kind Hearts and Coronets

Kind Hearts and Coronets

Forty years ago, Ealing studios reached the peak of their popularity with a string of unforgettable comedy classics.

Magnificent movies like Passport to Pimlico and The Lavender Hill Mob delighted many generations of British movie fans and instantly made international stars out of Alec Guinness, Margaret Rutherford and Peter Sellers.

The man behind the golden age of British cinema was the famous movie mogul, Sir Michael Balcon. Determined to bring a more authentic and realistic style to his films. Sir Michael transformed Ealing comedies from mere vehicles for big names stars like Will Hay and George Formby to brilliantly scripted situation comedies.

Realising they could not compete with the Americans by imitating them, Ealing films were defiantly British in character. In 1949, Ealing released three of the most popular British films of all time – Passport to Pimlico, Whisky Galore and Kind Hearts and Coronets. Sir Alec Guinness became the actor most firmly identified with this golden era and his amazing performance as Kind Hearts of Coronets launched him to international stardom.

Passport to Pimlico was the first Ealing film to prove a worldwide success. It made Stanley Holloway and Margaret Rutherford international stars. The mild anarchic comedy of these lighthearted movies proved a massive success with a British public who were sick of shortages, rationing and postwar austerity.

The studios, located on Ealing Green, were originally bought by Will Barker in 1902 as a base for film making, and films have been made on the site ever since. It is the oldest continuously working studio facility in the world.

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Ealing studios

Sadly, the golden era could not last – by the mid-fifties. Ealing comedies were a shadow of their former self. The last two comedies proved a sad end to the Ealing story. Whodunnit, starring Benny Hill, was an embarrassing flop and Davy, starring Harry Secombe, was little better.

In 1963, Sir Michael sold the studios the BBC but before the Ealing film crew left the studios, Sir Michael placed a plaque by the building’s entrance. It reads: “Here, during a quarter of a century, many films were made projecting Britain and the British character.”

The studios has recently begun to produce theatrical films again, including both Shaun of the Dead and The Descent in 2005.  It is also home to the Metropolitan Film School of London, which has a purposely built school on the lot, and is currently used by  ITV to shoot parts of  Downton Abbey.